Category - Hindi Literature

Hindi Poetry Recitation

Both Hindi Poetry and Prose go back to at least one thousand years of their origin and form.

For centuries, the coinage ‘Hindi-Urdu’ has been in common use to suggest they could be different but they are inseparable. British Raj gave a name ‘Hindostani’ to the mix of these two languages which is the third most-spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English.

Just to understand, the history of Hindi Literature can be summed up by classifying the major developments into various periods such as Aadi kaal or Vir-Gaatha Kaal (c. 1050 to 1375), Bhakti Kaal (c. 1375 to 1700), Riti-Kavya kaal (c. 1700 to 1900) and Aadhunik Kaal (c. 1900 onwards).

Some of the most popular forms of Hindi poetry are Doha, Sorathha, Chaupaii, Kundalia, Rola, Kavitt, Geet, Mukt Chhand and Ghazal.

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The origin of word ‘Hindi’ lies in Persian as popularly used by Dr Mohammed Iqbal in his national song ‘Hindi Hain Hum, Watan Hai HindostaaN Humaara’ (We are of Hind (India), our homeland is Hindustan’.
Linguistically, Hindi and Urdu are two registers of the same language as Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and uses more Sanskrit & regional words, whereas Urdu is written in the Perso-Arabic script and uses more Arabic and Persian words.

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